Miscanthus (Miscanthus X Giganteus) is a "woody" perenial grass of Asian descent, that when established, will grow about 111/2' yearly. This grass is sterile triploid (three sets of chromosomes) formed by a natural cross of miscanthus sacchariflorus and miscanthus sinensis. It produces new shoots (stalks) annually which average 3/8" in diameter, with 4" average cluster spread. Because it is sterile it is propagated by rhizome division. The crop is established by planting pieces of the root (rhizomes), which are cut to about 4" in length. The cold hardy grass grows rapidly (C4 photosynthesis), has low nutrient requirements, has few pests or diseases and produces high yields. Miscanthus Giganteous is a non-invasive grass that can be controlled because it has no viable seeds and runners underground.

Don standing with miscanthus x giganteus - elephant grass

Miscanthus' photosynthetic mechanism appears to be better adapted to low temperatures than that of many other C4 crops, equipping it for high productivity under relatively cool temperatures. At full maturity it can yield up to 12 tons of dry material per acre (about fourth year on). There are higher yields being reported yearly. It shows great potential as a biomass crop. As with other bio-energy crops, the harvested dry stems may be used as fuel for heat, electricity or converted to ethanol.

Establishment (Biomass):

The rhizomes are planted about 4" deep, horizontally into a well prepared seed bed in the spring as soon as soil is workable. A little deeper if the soil moisture level is low. Europe has been working miscanthus for over ten years. They plant at one plant per square meter for establishment. Here in the U.S. we are planting at one rhizome per square yard - three foot plant spacing in rows 3' apart. That rate would require approximately 4,850 plants per acre. Row layout and density is up to the grower based upon a field planted to be lifted in two years (denser) or for establishment. Also, a field planted to match equipment already owned for cultivation could change row width and spacing. Good yields can be achieved on a wide range of soils but the key to high tonnage is moisture supply. A wide range of PH is tolerated but growth is best between 5.5 and 7.5 PH. Sandy or free draining soils only yield well if rainfall is adequate so should be avoided if possible.

This is a crop that will produce for 15-plus years, so consider your site selection carefully. Thorough site preparation, particularly weed control, is essential to ensure vigorous establishment. Also, water the crop (if possible) following planting and continue to irrigate the first year if necessary. Weeds can check growth the first two years of establishiment. Glyphosate-based herbicides can be used in the dormant period between harvest and initiation of spring growth. Miscanthus is in the grass family like corn. Common corn herbicides that have been used successfully are; Dual, Atrazine, 2D, and 4D.

Miscanthus - Elephant Grass Sprouts


Harvesting for biomass is done late winter or early spring. This ensures the biomass will have low mineral and water content. At first frost, miscanthus pulls nutrients (senescence) from above ground to the rhizomes below to prepare for the next years growth. It is about a two week process.

We allow the first year crop to stand. We cut down the second year growth in the spring to clear the field of old weak stalk to prep for a clean 3rd year crop. This allows for easy fertilization and spraying for any remaining weed issues.

Deer Habitat/Cover:

Besides its use as an alternative energy, we have discovered miscanthus makes an excellent habitat for deer, turkey, quail, etc. (wildlife cover)

Miscanthus is being used heavily for screening roadsides and food plots.

Hedge screening can be planted with wide spacing to provide food plots between, preferably planted with a strong curve to add privacy in the plot.

Also, hedges are used for roadside screening and field division. Another idea is for screening your parking area and walkway to the hunting blind.

A little bit of field planting can also promote bedding areas, but field planting is primarily used in the production of biomass. Planted in a 3' grid, a field can choke itself out in 15 years with no open spaces.

Remember, every year these rows will expand approximately 4" in each direction.

Individual vs. Cluster Planting:

The main advantages of planting an individual rhizome is cost and use of mechanized planting. An individual rhizome in bulk offers a greater cost savings when planting large acreage. Planting old clusters generally require digging individual holes, which increases your labor cost. The main advantage of planting a cluster is you get more growth the first year and is more likely to hit full height the second year.

Backyard Privacy Screening:

Miscanthus x Giganteus is an inexpensive natural alternative hedge screening. Whether you use it for a hedge screen, focal point, or to decrease street noise, miscanthus plays a role in your yard and landscape. These plants offer you the privacy to fit your needs.

Year around miscanthus offers a barricade for privacy needs, A green wall in the summer months and golden colored cane during the winter. When the leaves fall off during the winter, the cane will stand through the harvest snowfall to provide your screen coverage.

Planting and Care Info:

Keeping rhizomes fresh until planting - Each bag has a scoop of moist peat moss for moisture control. Rhizomes can be stored easily two weeks in a refrigerator or basement. The cold slows the growth.
Do not put rhizomes in the freezer.

Establishing a Hedge Row - We suggest the following planting pattern to establish a hedge row/screen. The individual rhizomes should be planted in a double line. Each line would be 18" apart with the rhizomes planted down these lines also 18" apart, staggered (See diagram below). Planting another line of rhizomes on the hedge row will provide thicker screen coverage at a faster pace.

Hedge Row Calculator
Row Length:
Rhizomes needed:       
Example: 100' X 12 ÷ 9 = 133


Miscanthus Rhizome Bunch

Planting - The individual rhizomes should be planted 3-4" deep, horizontally with nothing above the ground. A well-tilled bed does help the roots establish quicker, but is not necessary. More importantly, adequate moisture but not soaking wet (damp), and 60° ground temperature will promote growth. Do not worry so much about grass competition, but more so with broadleaf weeds that block sunshine, just during the first year of establishment. Second year growth will outpace everything.

Expected Growth - The first year growth of an individual rhizome is 1-3 stalks, 1-3' tall. The second year you get an average of 7 stalks, 6-7' tall, and the third year the cluster's diameter will be approximately 14", with about 25 stalks at full height (11'+). By the fourth year, two rhizomes planted 18" apart will grow into each another. Slower spread with heavy soil (clay) and a little faster spread with sandy loam.

Maintenance/Fertilizing - Fertilizer demands are low due to the plant's efficient nutrient use and its ability to pull nutrient back down to the rhizomes at the end of each growing season. Almost every year, decomposition of the leaves, rhizome nutrient reserves, and atmosphere deposition will meet the crops nutrient requirements. After the first year, only small quantities of nutrients will be needed every two to four years to help maintain good yields. Having said that, a yearly fertalization schedule does promote more growth in rhizomes and stalks.

It is not necessary at the end of year to cut down the dead stalks. You may choose to let the dead stalks accumulate for the first 3 to 4 years to screen faster. It does benefit a mature row to clean up all the interior dead stalks on a 3 to 4 year rotation, after the row is 7 to 8 years old. The heaviest growth is always on the new outside spread of the cluster.

We fertilize about 3 weeks after planting with a "triple" fertilizer. Keep the rate of application comparable to fertilizing new lawn installation. At the same time we spray 2-4D based herbicide to knock back the new weed seed germination that has taken place. Miscanthus is in the grass family like corn. Common corn herbicides that have been used successfully are; Dual, Atrazine, 2D, and 4D.



Miscanthus Rhizome Clusters:
Rhizomes Clusters
Quantity   Price
1 - 99 @ $3.50 each
100+ @ $3.00 each
Add-on orders after receipt of large quantity orders will be considered
stand-alone, and not receive the same original discount.
Rhizome Cluster

A rhizome cluster is a grouping of rhizomes. The benefit is more growth the first year and most likely full height the second year. Rhizome Clusters are always hand planted, as they are to large for any machine-type planting.

This product is shipped bare root, without dirt. Moist peat moss is added for moisture control.

Available only in the spring.

Use our Reservation/Request Information Form to ensure we lift/dig enough rhizomes for your order.


Reservation Request / Inquiry Form:

Ordering Notes:

Our sales process begins with you sending your reservation form and us sending you a confirmation email.
If you do not receive a confirmation email within a week, please contact us directly by phone or email.

Prior to your order arrival date, we will be sending a reminder reservation by postal mail.
At this time if you would like to change the quantity or arrival date, please call our office.
An invoice will also be sent, with a payment link, to your email. Payment is due by the ship date.
Your order will be automatically cancelled if payment if not received by the ship date.
If you would still like your order fulfilled, please call our office.

Please use the form below to send your Reservation Requests for orders.
Thank you - Don, Maple River Farms.

You may experiment with the quantities on this form to see what the estimated totals would be for your order.

After entering a quantity, either press your keyboard 'Tab' button or click another form field.

You may change order quantities and ship date at any time by contacting our office by phone or email.
Phone: (989)743-4344    Email:

As of June 14, our 2019 Season is concluded.

We are now accepting orders/reservations for our 2020 Season.

Product Name Quantity Unit Price Cost
Individual Rhizomes                         
Rhizome Clusters                         
1-Gallon Miscanthus Pot                        
3-Gallon Miscanthus Pot                        
Order Subtotal (shipping charges additional) $         

Arrival Date:

Your planting zone (from zipcode) is       

We recommend picking an Arrival Date between:
         and 06/30/2020.

The beginning date is according to an average 60° ground temperature in your planting zone. Please click the date box below to choose your date.

We require 14 days minimum lead time before your ship date.
NOTE: We Do Not Ship On Sundays.

* (Click in box/drop-down to select.)

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I will pick up this order on the date above.
Pick-up orders require a confirmed appointment time and date. Check your email as this date approaches.

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If you have any questions or concerns, please contact us by email or phone.


Local Products:

The following products are available for local pickup only.
Please contact us for an appointment time to pick up these products at Maple River Farms.
(989)743-4344 or Email:

Miscanthus Pots:
1 Gallon / 1 Year Old Miscanthus Pot Clusters:
1 gallon Miscanthus Pots - pick up by appointment only - no shipping.

One year old Miscanthus Pots are single rhizomes planted in a one-gallon pot and grown for one season. These are the same as a cluster (above), but grown in a pot for availability all summer.

1 Gallon / 1 Year Pots
Price Each = $7.00
Pickup Only.

This product is available for local pick-up only and by appointment only.

See our Contact Info for phone number and address or submit a request using the form above.

3 Gallon / 2 Year Pots
Price Each = $15.00
Pickup Only.
3 gallon Miscanthus Pots - pick up by appointment only - no shipping. 3 Gallon / 2 Year Old Miscanthus Pot Clusters:

The two year old cluster has been transplanted from a one year/gallon pot and grown for an additional season. The advantage of a two year old cluster is the extra year gain of establishment time.

This product is available for local pick-up only and by appointment only.

See our Contact Info for phone number and address or submit a request using the form above.

Miscanthus Biomass:

Round and small square bales available for local pickup.

Biomass Round Bales
Miscanthus Biomass
Price Per Ton = $80.00
Pickup Only.


Rhizome Shipping:

Rhizome shipping: Once washed, the rhizomes are double bagged with moist peat moss added for moisture control. The prepared bags are then placed in the appropriately sized box(es) for shipping.

Discount Commercial Bulk Shipping:

We offer supersac bags for bulk orders over 5,000 individual rhizomes. Each bag can hold approximately 5,000 - 10,000 rhizomes. A small or large supersac has individual bags within containing 125 rhizomes each, making up the order. One supersac per pallet.

*Requirements to Commercial Ship: Commercial business address and a fork loader to unload the pallet. If you need additional services such as a lift gate, notify customer, or limited access the shipping cost will be higher.

If you would like this service, please call us for a quote @ (989)743-4344 or request a quote on our reservation form under 'Questions and Comments'.

Large Super Sac - 10,000 pc. bag.
10,000 Piece Bag
Small Super Sac - 5,000 piece bag.
5,000 Piece Bag
(small bag on top is an
example of 125 individual
rhizome bag within
Super Sac.)


Bulk / International Sales:

In compliance with bureaucratic procedures, you the buyer must arrange for an import permit from your government (if necessary) so that our country may issue us an export permit. We have detailed information about the miscanthus that we would be happy to share to help you obtain your import permit.
Our bulk/international shipping fits in a 48"x40"x36" box/pallet (9,000 rhizomes). The weight is approximately 700lbs.

Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to the Philippines
Shipment to Philippines
Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to the Philippines
Shipment to Philippines
Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to Mexico
Shipment to Mexico
Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to Mexico
Shipment to Mexico


About Us:

Maple River Farms is located in the heart of central Michigan in the Maple River valley.

The farm was established with a goal toward introducing Miscanthus x Giganteus as a viable energy crop. Besides using the tall grass as an alternative energy source (Briquetting and Pelletizing) we have discovered that Miscanthus Giganteus makes an excellent privacy screen. In relation to that use, our deer population increased dramatically. The miscanthus field is being used as a bedding/hide area for not only deer but quail and turkey.

Being that the crop is a non invasive/sterile hybrid, we supply the rhizomes so that others may grow this very amazing grass for their own needs.

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Lost in the rows...

Contact Us:

Postal: 1150 E. Hibbard Rd.
P.O.Box 427
Owosso, MI 48867
Phone: (989)743-4344
Email: Don Honcoop at:
Office Hours:
June - February
Monday and Thursday: 8:00AM - 4:00PM

March - May
Monday thru Friday: 8:00AM - 7:00PM