Miscanthus (Miscanthus X Giganteus) is a "woody" perenial grass of Asian descent, that when established, will grow about 111/2' yearly. This grass is sterile triploid (three sets of chromosomes) formed by a natural cross of miscanthus sacchariflorus and miscanthus sinensis. It produces new shoots (stalks) annually which average 3/8" in diameter, with 4" average cluster spread. Because it is sterile it is propagated by rhizome division. The crop is established by planting pieces of the root (rhizomes), which are cut to about 4" in length. The cold hardy grass grows rapidly (C4 photosynthesis), has low nutrient requirements, has few pests or diseases and produces high yields. Miscanthus Giganteous is a non-invasive grass that can be controlled because it has no viable seeds and runners underground.

Don standing with miscanthus x giganteus - elephant grass

Miscanthus' photosynthetic mechanism appears to be better adapted to low temperatures than that of many other C4 crops, equipping it for high productivity under relatively cool temperatures. At full maturity it can yield up to 12 tons of dry material per acre (about fourth year on). There are higher yields being reported yearly. It shows great potential as a biomass crop. As with other bio-energy crops, the harvested dry stems may be used as fuel for heat, electricity or converted to ethanol.

Establishment (Biomass):

The rhizomes are planted about 4" deep, horizontally into a well prepared seed bed in the spring as soon as soil is workable. A little deeper if the soil moisture level is low. Europe has been working miscanthus for over ten years. They plant at one plant per square meter for establishment. Here in the U.S. we are planting at one rhizome per square yard - three foot plant spacing in rows 3' apart. That rate would require approximately 4,850 plants per acre. Row layout and density is up to the grower based upon a field planted to be lifted in two years (denser) or for establishment. Also, a field planted to match equipment already owned for cultivation could change row width and spacing. Good yields can be achieved on a wide range of soils but the key to high tonnage is moisture supply. A wide range of PH is tolerated but growth is best between 5.5 and 7.5 PH. Sandy or free draining soils only yield well if rainfall is adequate so should be avoided if possible.

Consider your site selection carefully for the long term commitment when planting a field for biomass. This is a crop that will produce high tons per acre for around 15 years before ton production degrades as the field chokes itself out by no open ground for the clusters to spread.

Fertilizer demands are low due to the plant's efficient nutrient use and its ability to pull nutrient back down to the rhizomes at the end of each growing season. Almost every year, decomposition of the leaves, rhizome nutrient reserves, and atmosphere deposition will meet the crops nutrient requirements. After the first year, only small quantities of nutrients will be needed every two to four years to help maintain good yields.

Miscanthus - Elephant Grass Sprouts


Harvesting for biomass is done late winter of early spring. This allows for a low mineral and water content. At first frost, miscanthus pulls nutrients (senescence) from above ground to the rhizomes below to prepare for the next years growth. It is about a two week process.

We allow the first year crop to stand. We cut down the second year growth in the spring to clear the field of old weak stalk to prep for a clean 3rd year crop. This allows for easy fertilization and spraying for any remaining weed issues.

Deer Habitat/Cover:

Besides its use as an alternative energy, we have discovered miscanthus makes an excellent habitat for deer, turkey, quail, etc. (wildlife cover)

Miscanthus is being used heavily for screening roadsides and food plots.

Hedge screening can be planted with wide spacing to provide food plots between, preferably planted with a strong curve to add privacy in the plot.

Also, hedges are used for roadside screening and field division. Another idea is for screening your parking area and walkway to the hunting blind.

A little bit of field planting can also promote bedding areas, but field planting is primarily used in the production of biomass. Planted in a 3' grid, a field can choke itself out in 15 years with no open spaces.

Remember, every year these rows will expand approximately 4" in each direction.

Individual vs. Cluster Planting:

The main advantages of planting an individual rhizome is cost and use of mechanized planting. An individual rhizome in bulk offers a greater cost savings when planting large acreage. Planting one year old clusters generally require digging individual holes, which increases your labor cost. The main advantage of planting a cluster is that you gain one year to full establishment (height) -- two years instead of three.

Backyard Privacy Screening:

Miscanthus x Giganteus is an inexpensive natural alternative hedge screening. Whether you use it for a hedge screen, focal point, or to decrease street noise, miscanthus plays a role in your yard and landscape. These plants offer you the privacy to fit your needs.

Year around miscanthus offers a barricade for privacy needs, A green wall in the summer months and golden colored cane during the winter. When the leaves fall off during the winter, the cane will stand through the harvest snowfall to provide your screen coverage.

Planting and Care Info:

Keeping rhizomes fresh until planting - Each bag has a scoop of peat moss for moisture control. Rhizomes can be stored easily two weeks in a refrigerator or basement. The cold slows the growth.
Do not put rhizomes in the freezer.

Establishing a Hedge Row - We suggest the following planting pattern to establish a hedge row/screen. The individual rhizomes should be planted in a double line. Each line would be 18" apart with the rhizomes planted down these lines also 18" apart, staggered (See diagram below). Planting another line of rhizomes on the hedge row will provide thicker screen coverage at a faster pace.

Hedge Row Calculator
Row Length:
Rhizomes needed:       
Example: 100' X 12 ÷ 9 = 133


Miscanthus Rhizome Bunch

Planting - The individual rhizomes should be planted 3-4" deep, horizontally with nothing above the ground. A well-tilled bed does help the roots establish quicker, but is not necessary. More importantly, adequate moisture but not soaking wet (damp), and 60° ground temperature will promote growth. Do not worry so much about grass competition, but more so with broadleaf weeds that block sunshine, just during the first year of establishment. Second year growth will outpace everything.

Expected Growth - The first year growth of an individual rhizome is 2-3 stalks, 3-4' tall. The second year you get an average of 7 stalks, 6-7' tall, and the third year the cluster's diameter will be approximately 14", with about 25 stalks at full height (11'+). By the fourth year, two rhizomes planted 18" apart will grow into each another. Slower spread with heavy soil (clay) and a little faster spread with sandy loam.

Maintenance/Fertilizing - It is not necessary at the end of year to cut down the dead stalks. The heaviest new growth is always on the outside circumference of the cluster. You may choose to let the dead stalks accumulate for the first 3 to 4 years to screen faster. In a mature row (4 years on), it does benefit growth to remove dead stalks in the spring every other year.



Individual Miscanthus Rhizomes:
Individual Miscanthus Rhizomes
• Order quantities under 1,000 will be hand counted
and priced at $0.75/each. Minimum 10 rhizomes.
• Order quantities of 1,000 or more will be weighed and
  priced by pound (additional 10% by volume included).
Note: 1 (rhizome) = 0.05 lbs. Approx. 20 rhizomes = 1 lb.
Volume Price Per Pound (lb.)
Approx 1,000-1,999 @ $13.60/lb. (Approx $0.68/rhizome)
Approx 2,000-3,999 @ $10.60/lb. (Approx $0.53/rhizome)
Approx 4,000-17,999 @  $9.60lb. (Approx $0.48/rhizome)
Approx 18,000-35,999 @ $9.00/lb. (Approx $0.45/rhizome)
Orders of 36,000 or more: Please call.
Note: Weights will be rounded up to nearest 1/2 pound.
 Minimum order of 10 rhizomes.
(Prices DO NOT include shipping or a handling fee of $4.95 on each order.)
Add-on orders after receipt of large quantity orders will be considered
stand-alone, and not receive the same original discount.
Miscanthus Rhizome

An individual rhizome is separated from a three year old (plus) rhizome cluster. The advantage of planting an individual rhizome is the cost. Individual rhizomes may take longer to establish, but the use of mechanized planting is possible, cutting down on time and labor. Therefore, individual rhizomes used in bulk offer a greater cost savings.

This product is shipped bare root, without dirt. Peat moss is added for moisture control.

Available only in the spring.

Example 1: Example 2:
Est. Need: 1,250 rhizomes   Est. Need: 4,000 rhizomes
X 0.05 est. wt./rhizm.   X 0.05 est. wt./rhizm.
  62.5 lbs.     200 lbs.
  $13.60 $$/lb. see chart     $9.60 $$/lb. see chart
X 62.5 lbs.   X 200 lbs.
  $850.00 Your Total* $1,920.00 Your Total*

*Both examples above DO NOT include shipping & handling.

Use our Reservation/Request Information Form to ensure we lift/dig enough rhizomes for your order.

Miscanthus Rhizome Clusters:
One Year Old Rhizomes Clusters
Quantity   Price
1 - 99 @ $4.50 each
100+ @ $4.00 each
(Prices DO NOT include shipping or a handling fee of $4.95 on each order.)
Add-on orders after receipt of large quantity orders will be considered
stand-alone, and not receive the same original discount.
Rhizome Cluster

A one year old rhizome cluster is field-grown for one season (approximately 5 - 6 months) from an individual rhizome. We then hand dig the cluster in the spring. The advantage of a rhizome cluster over an individual rhizome is you are gaining one year of growth on establishment. The minor disadvantage is that each cluster has to be hand planted and bedded in (the ground pressed and watered) in order to cut down on any shock caused by replanting.

This product is shipped bare root, without dirt.

Available only in the spring.

Use our Reservation/Request Information Form to ensure we lift/dig enough rhizomes for your order.


Reservation Request / Inquiry Form:

Please use the form below to send your Reservation Requests for orders. If you do not receive a response within seven days, please contact us directly via phone.
Thank you - Don, Maple River Farms.

You may experiment with the quantities on this form to see what the estimated totals would be for your order.

After entering a quantity, either press your keyboard 'Tab' button or click another form field.

You may change order quantities and ship date at any time by contacting our office by phone or email.
Phone: (989)743-4344    Email:

An asterisk (*) denotes required information must be included.

Individual Rhizomes:

Rhizome Clusters:
(Please; No comma in number.)
(Please; No comma in number.)
Unit Price:            Unit Price:           
(Doesn't include shipping/handling.)
(Doesn't include shipping/handling.)

Miscanthus Pots:

   1 Gallon Pot - 1 Year Growth:

   3 Gallon Pot - 2 Years Growth:

(Please; No comma in number.)
(Please; No comma in number.)
Unit Price:      Unit Price:     
(Pots are for local pick-up only.
No shipping available.)
(Pots are for local pick-up only.
No shipping available.)

Order Total:
Planned Total:  $          ( Amount before shipping.)

Billing Address:  * means required info.

Shipping Address:  Copy from Billing.
Name: Buisness Name:
Address: *Name:
City: Address:
State: Zip: City:
Telephone: State: *Zip:
*E-mail: Telephone:

Planting Zone:

FedEx Shipping Days (from 48867):
Your Zone:       
Click map for larger image.

Shipping Date:
This is an automatic recommended shipping date, accoring to an average 60° ground temperature in your planting zone. If this date doesn't work for you, click in the date box below to choose your own date.
Allow 1 to 4 days for delivery (FedEx map)
NOTE: We do not ship on weekends.


I will pick up this order on date above.
This order will be shipped.

Pre-Ship Contact:
Please select the best method of contact. Two weeks prior to
your ship date, we will contact you for payment information.
Please include your contact info below:
Email*   Text*   Phone*

Questions or Comments:
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If you have any questions or concerns, please contact us by email or phone.

60°F Ground Temperature
Planting Zones

Shipping Availability:
February 5 - June 15

(Click map for USDA webpage.)
Ship Dates
1a N/A
1b N/A
2a N/A
2b N/A
3a June 8 - June 15
3b June 5 - June 15
4a May 28 - June 15
4b May 25 - June 15
5a May 23 - June 15
5b May 18 - June 15
6a May 5 - June 15
6b May 2 - June 15
7a April 8 - June 15
7b April 2 - June 15
8a March 26 - June 15
8b March 22 - June 15
9a March 22 - June 15
9b March 22 - June 15
10a March 22 - June 15
10b March 22 - June 15
11a February 5 - June 15
11b February 5 - June 15
12a February 5 - June 15
12b February 5 - June 15
13a February 5 - June 15
13b February 5 - June 15


Local Products:

The following products are available for local pickup only.
Please contact us for an appointment time to pick up these products at Maple River Farms.
(989)743-4344 or Email:

Miscanthus Pots: 1 Gallon / 1 Year Old Miscanthus Pot Clusters:
1 gallon Miscanthus Pots - pick up by appointment only - no shipping.

One year old Miscanthus Pots are single rhizomes planted in a one-gallon pot and grown for one season. These are the same as a one-year cluster (above), but grown in a pot for availability all summer.

1 Gallon / 1 Year Pots
Price Each = $7.00
Local pickup only.

This product is available for local pick-up only and by appointment only.

See our Contact Info for phone number and address or submit a request using the form above.

3 Gallon / 2 Year Pots
Price Each = $15.00
Local pickup only.
3 gallon Miscanthus Pots - pick up by appointment only - no shipping. 3 Gallon / 2 Year Old Miscanthus Pot Clusters:

The two year old cluster has been transplanted from a one year/gallon pot and grown for an additional season. The advantage of a two year old cluster is the extra year gain of establishment time.

This product is available for local pick-up only and by appointment only.

See our Contact Info for phone number and address or submit a request using the form above.

Miscanthus Biomass:

Round and small square bales available for local pickup.

Biomass Round Bales
Miscanthus Biomass
Price Per Ton = $80.00
Local pickup only.


Rhizome Shipping:

Estimated Rhizome Shipping
Dimensions and Weights
Dimensions Rhizome Qty Weight
9x9x9 10-60 2lbs.- 5lbs.
12x12x12 61-133 5lbs.- 8lbs.
18x12x12 134-250 8lbs.- 16lbs.
30x12x12 251-375 16lbs.- 20lbs.
24x18x18 376-700 20lbs.- 42lbs.

Rhizomes are placed in a plastic bag without dirt but with peat moss is added for moisture control. These small bags are place in an appropriately sized box for shipping. The chart above shows an estimate of the size and weight of the boxes for shipping quantities of rhizomes.

Discount Commercial Bulk Shipping:

Estimated Shipping Cost
(Commercial / Bulk)
5,000 - 10,000 Individual Rhiszomes
(1)Pallet $125.00 - $400.00*

We offer supersac bags for bulk orders over 5,000 individual rhizomes. Each bag can hold approximately 5,000 - 10,000 rhizomes. A small or large supersac has individual bags within containing 125 rhizomes each, making up the order. One supersac per pallet.

*Requirements to Commercial Ship: Commercial business address and a fork loader to unload the pallet. If you need additional services such as a lift gate, notify customer, or limited access the shipping cost will be higher.

If you would like this service, please call us for a quote @ (989)743-4344 or request a quote on our reservation form under 'Questions and Comments'.

Large Super Sac - 10,000 pc. bag.
10,000 Piece Bag
Small Super Sac - 5,000 piece bag.
5,000 Piece Bag
(small bag on top is an
example of 125 individual
rhizome bag within
Super Sac.)


Bulk / International Sales:

Due to bureaucratic procedures, you the buyer must arrange for an import permit from your government (if necessary) so that our country may issue us an export permit. We have detailed information about the miscanthus that we would be happy to share to help you obtain your import permit.
Our bulk/international shipping fits in a 48"x40"x36" box/pallet (9,000 rhizomes). The weight is approximately 700lbs.

Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to the Philippines
Shipment to Philippines
Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to the Philippines
Shipment to Philippines
Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to Mexico
Shipment to Mexico
Miscanthus Rhizome - Bulk Shipping to Mexico
Shipment to Mexico


About Us:

Maple River Farms is located in the heart of central Michigan in the Maple River valley.

The farm was established with a goal toward introducing Miscanthus x Giganteus as a viable energy crop. Besides using the tall grass as an alternative energy source (Briquetting and Pelletizing) we have discovered that Miscanthus Giganteus makes an excellent privacy screen. In relation to that use, our deer population increased dramatically. The miscanthus field is being used as a bedding/hide area for not only deer but quail and turkey.

Being that the crop is a non invasive/sterile hybrid, we supply the rhizomes so that others may grow this very amazing grass for their own needs.

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Lost in the rows...

Contact Us:


Maple River Farms
1150 E. Hibbard Rd.
P.O.Box 427
Owosso, MI  48867




Don Honcoop at: